China's machinery industry has entered a new period of monthly production of trillion yuan
the data released by the China Machinery Industry Federation recently showed that the production and sales volume of China's machinery industry hit another record high in 2010: the total industrial output value of the whole year was 14.38 trillion yuan, and the sales output value was 14.06 trillion yuan, an increase of 33.93% and 34.26% respectively year-on-year. Since March, 2010, the monthly output value of the machinery industry has exceeded 1.1 trillion yuan for 10 consecutive months, and has entered a new period of trillion yuan per month
industrial scale increased significantly
statistics show that during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the scale of China's machinery industry increased significantly, and the total output value increased from 4.18 trillion yuan in 2005 to 14.38 trillion yuan in 2010, with a cumulative increase of 244% and an average annual increase of 28%, 16 percentage points higher than the expected target of 12% in the "Eleventh Five Year Plan"
"in recent years, the production and sales of the machinery industry have increased rapidly, and the industrial scale has continued to expand, thanks to the country's high attention to whether the position of the mechanical active needle is adjusted correctly and fastening the industry." Cai Weici, executive vice president of the China Machinery Industry Federation, said that the gradual implementation of the adjustment and revitalization plan of relevant industries has promoted the rapid stabilization and recovery of the machinery industry, especially after the central government implemented the package plan to deal with the impact of the international financial crisis
relevant data also prove this. In 2010, the added value of the machinery industry increased by 21.1% over 2009, 5.4 percentage points higher than the national average industrial growth rate. During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the average annual growth rate was 28%, and the proportion in the national industry increased from 16.29% in 2005 to 19.35% in 2010. The growth rate and proportion of the added value of the machinery industry rank first among the major industrial industries in the country
in 2010, the operating efficiency of the machinery industry also reached a record high. According to statistics, from January to November 2010, the whole industry realized a profit of 898.4 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 52.74%, which is equivalent to 4.1 times the 219.6 billion yuan in 2005 in the fields of utilization, including automobile interior and exterior surfaces, building curtain walls and windows, clothing and textiles, anti-counterfeiting labels, brand protection and sensors; The total tax revenue was 423.4 billion yuan, an increase of 31.03% year-on-year, equivalent to 2.8 times of 153.2 billion yuan in 2005; The profit margin of main business income was 7.16%, an increase of 0.83 percentage points year-on-year and 1.77 percentage points higher than 5.39% in 2005
in terms of import and export trade, the machinery industry achieved a cumulative import and export trade volume of 513.8 billion US dollars in 2010, an increase of 36.39% over the previous year, 2.3 times that of 222.9 billion US dollars in 2005
new progress has been made in structural adjustment
through vigorously implementing equipment autonomy, carrying out independent innovation, and promoting enterprise mergers and acquisitions, after years of structural adjustment, the proportion and ability of China's machinery products to meet the needs of the domestic market have increased rapidly. At present, large packaging containers and pipelines are the most widely used in China; Due to its excellent physiological inertia, the market share has increased from about 80% in 2005 to about 85% since the foreign new generation products have matured and entered the market in large quantities
significant achievements have been made in the localization of equipment. In 2010, the output of wind turbines and power generation equipment in China ranked first in the world, with large units of 1.5 MW and above accounting for 95% of the total output of wind power equipment; After the successful operation of UHV 1million V AC and ± 800000 V DC transmission and transformation equipment in the world's first test and demonstration line in 2009, the technical level and localization rate have been further improved in 2010. New progress has also been made in the independent innovation of representative equipment in the fields of large metallurgical mining equipment and large petrochemical equipment
a number of advantageous enterprises have accelerated their rise, and the production concentration has increased steadily. In 2010, in the automotive industry, the production and sales of SAIC, Dongfeng, FAW and Chang'an accounted for 70% of the industry, and the production concentration of the top ten enterprises reached 86%. In the power generation equipment industry, the output of Harbin Electric, Dongfang Electric and Shanghai Electric accounted for 68.7%. In the construction machinery industry, the sales of XCMG, Zoomlion and sany all exceed 50billion yuan. At present, the sales of the top ten enterprises have accounted for more than 50% of the domestic market
optimize and upgrade to lay a solid foundation
"although the main economic indicators of the machinery industry in 2010 were all positive, we should also see that with the rapid development of the industry, some deep-seated contradictions have become increasingly prominent, which has constituted a bottleneck constraint on the further optimization and upgrading of the machinery industry. We should clearly realize that the core competitiveness of the industry is not strong, especially in the field of high-end equipment, it can not meet the domestic construction needs." According to Cai Weici, the problems faced by the development of the machinery industry are mainly reflected in the following aspects: first, the industry's independent innovation ability is weak, which is not enough to support the development of high-end equipment; Second, the development of basic technology, basic process and basic parts lags behind, which can not meet the needs of host product upgrading; Third, the competitiveness of the machinery industry has weakened due to the rapid rise of the RMB exchange rate and other factors; Fourth, the supply of production capacity exceeds the demand, and the costs of resources, environment and labor are rising rapidly, making it more and more difficult to improve business efficiency
he also said that in the next few years, the economic operation of the machinery industry will change from the rapid recovery in 2010 to steady growth. "Therefore, this requires the whole industry to further accelerate the adjustment of industrial structure and product optimization and upgrading, and consolidate the development foundation of the industry by focusing on high-end and innovation driven."
Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI