Promoting integrated energy services requires breaking the "energy chimney"
the user centered concept of integrated energy services has been widely recognized in China, and various pilot projects have been carried out; Its research and practice are also in the ascendant internationally, forming a relatively mature model. At present, many state-owned and private energy enterprises in China have invested in this field (3) in the process of experiment, but in the process of practice, they all feel difficulties and difficulties. An important reason is the plate segmentation and "chimney lined" state formed and continuously solidified in the development of China's energy industry for many years, That is to say, in management, more than 260 scientists, scholars, entrepreneurs and representatives of relevant industry organizations from the wood and plastic industry at home and abroad attended or participated in a series of activities
the chimney effect has two meanings: one is that departments are closed to each other, information and data are not available, old and dead are not connected, and well water does not invade the river; Second, the air in the chimney is automatically extracted upward, and the air at the lower level is always thin
these two effects have always existed in China's energy industry, which is very typical: various energy categories are vertically integrated, and various resources such as human and financial information are automatically concentrated upstream. The power industry is a typical representative. The industry management "sticks to the end", and the industry resource allocation has always been "the farther away from users, the more allocation": before the separation of the plant, it is "heavy power generation and light supply do not work", and after the separation of the plant, it is "heavy transmission and light distribution do not work"
it can be said that if the energy chimney is not broken, it is difficult to implement comprehensive energy services on a large scale. To break these chimneys, I think we need to focus on the following four aspects:
first, vigorously cultivate comprehensive energy enterprises. In particular, energy enterprises integrating power and natural gas businesses. The same is true from the current situation of the energy industry in OECD countries: no power company is not engaged in natural gas business, and no natural gas company is not engaged in power business. We should further promote the "opening up of both ends" of power and natural gas, and encourage the mutual opening, mutual entry and mutual integration of the distribution end of the power and natural gas industry. Break the constraints of the "main business" of state-owned energy enterprises, promote the mixed energy reform, encourage power enterprises to enter the field of natural gas, and encourage natural gas enterprises to enter the field of power. Discuss the feasibility of the integration of state-owned power enterprises (central enterprises) and state-owned natural gas enterprises; Discuss the feasibility of the "intermediate integration" of electricity and natural gas, that is, the integration of natural gas transmission and transmission
second, we should vigorously promote comprehensive energy planning. In recent years, many places in China have made some progress in the pilot of "multi compliance" in urban planning, and the "multi compliance" in the field of energy is also very urgent. At the same time, we should further promote the integrated resource planning (IRP) that integrates the energy demand side and supply side resources, as well as the integrated planning of energy and industry integration, energy and environment integration. Only by integrating multiple energy sources from the source of planning can integrated energy services become "active water"
third, we should pilot the implementation of comprehensive energy franchising. The energy industry from the integration of government and enterprises to the separation of government and enterprises, and the administrative licensing model is a huge progress from a global perspective. Next, in the terminal link close to users, we should further move from administrative licensing to franchising, and from a single professional franchising to comprehensive energy franchising, and even energy and environment comprehensive franchising. The important value of integrated energy services is to provide high-quality "one-stop" services for energy users. Similarly, the government's best management of integrated energy service enterprises is "one-stop" management, rather than multiple management. The comprehensive planning and franchising of energy need to be adjusted by the energy management organization and management mode of local governments, as well as the central and local energy management authority
fourth, promote the comprehensive management and supervision of energy. After the separation of government and enterprises in China's energy industry, many explorations have been made in government management and independent supervision. In this round of institutional reform, many places also pay special attention to strengthening the integration of energy management functions. However, at present, at the level of the national energy administration, it is basically based on sub sector management. In a sense, this actually solidifies the "energy chimney" from the top. Therefore, as an energy reform department, the energy administration's own reform is also crucial and has a long way to go
the above are my superficial thoughts on promoting integrated energy services at the macro level. Each of these points is a grand topic. It is convenient to clarify the direction and outline here. Only from the macro system adjustment and micro mode exploration, can we work together, break and combine, and the universal experiment of synthetic energy service man-made board can complete the new mode of experimental machine that can carry out plane tensile strength, static bending strength and elastic modulus, screw grip force, internal bonding strength, surface bonding strength and other mechanical properties experiments on particleboard, plywood, medium density fiberboard and blockboard in accordance with the requirements of national standards New business forms can flourish